Interesting and Interested are both adjectives, but their endings give them different meanings.
Generally, -ing adjectives describe what something is, and -ed adjectives explain a feeling about something.
I am interesting. = People love to listen to me!
I am interested. = I want to know more about this.
That’s exciting! = How cool!
We’re excited! = We can’t wait!
You can see that -ed adjectives are always used for a person or something with feeling.
This English book is confusing. = I don’t understand this book.
My English teacher is confusing. = I don’t understand my teacher.
I am confused about this English book. = I don’t understand this book.
My English teacher is confused. = My teacher doesn’t understand something.
Common errors are:
- Using -ed with objects.
That movie is so frightened. – Movies aren’t scared. They are scary.
- Using -ing to describe yourself.
When I watched that movie, I was frightening. – I am not scary. I was scared.
Here are some common -ing and -ed adjectives
Practice with this worksheet
Use the Find feature (Ctrl+F) to look for -ing and -ed adjectives. Think about which of these sentences the word can be used in:
How _________! (-ing)
I’m ________! (-ed)
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