Footnotes Grammar

Many / Many of

Many and many of are common quantifiers in English.

For example

Many students prefer to use dictionaries on their phones.

Many of the students said that they preferred to use online dictionaries.

I got many birthday wishes on Facebook.

It has been years since I’ve met many of my friends on Facebook.

The rules below are also for some / some of, much / much of, and all / all of.

 

You can see that many of describes a specific part of a group, such as:

Many of the stores in the mall accept credit cards.

Many of her poems are about love.

On the other hand, many describes things in general, such as:

Many stores in America accept credit cards.

Many popular poems are about love.

 

Common errors are…
  • Using many of for a general statement:

Many of children watch too much TV these days.

He has seen many of horror movies.

  • Not using an article or other quantifier for a specific group:

Many of ___ movies are too scary for children. (these)

The storm destroyed many of ___ houses in town.  (the)

Errors often happen when …
  • The writer is introducing new information.

Boston has many of great seafood restaurants.

Many of people enjoy eating fresh seafood.

  • The sentence includes a relative clause or superlative.

He has read many of the same books that I have.

Many of the most successful entrepreneurs experienced financial setbacks.

 

Editing: Always check that many of is followed by ‘the’ , a pronoun (his, us, their, …) or a determiner (these, those).

Teachers: Download a printer-friendly copy of this page.

Determiners.Many.ManyOf (pdf)

 

Does that answer many of your questions?

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